Brookwood and Brookwood Hills
Brookwood Hills is a small, residential district platted and constructed primarily in the 1920s for the upper middle class. It demonstrates an important type of suburban subdivision in Atlanta, the developers of which borrowed elements of earlier growth patterns in Druid Hills and Ansley Park and followed new patterns unique to the post-World War I era, a time when the automobile made suburbanization possible. Benjamin and Arthur Burdett developed the neighborhood in the fashion of the Federick Law Olmsted style of curvilinear street patterns and park-like settings already established in Druid Hills and Ansley Park. They also created a limited access, enclave type subdivision with shallow setbacks on small lots and uniform street landscaping. The latter aspects of Brookwood Hills tend to set it apart from the earlier developments by stressing the distinctive combination of an urban atmosphere in a rural setting.
Brookwood Hills represents one of the best preserved and most interesting neighborhoods developed during the 1920s. It is a direct result of the great real estate booms and transportation developments which transformed the face of Atlanta in the early twentieth century. The design features embodied in the subdivision clearly show the importance of the nationally significant “Olmsted style” in suburban planning with its curvilinear street patterns, park-like settings, and emphasis on nature. At the same time, the enclave nature of Brookwood Hills with its inward facing homes and consistency in streetside plantings and house setbacks emphasize a strong sense of community. This sense of community is enhanced by the centrally located park and recreation area and long standing community organizations like the Garden Club and the Community Club. Surrounded by urbanization trends in transportation and growth which have destroyed or severely damaged other neighborhoods, Brookwood Hills has managed to maintain both its architectural integrity and community vitality.